Este é um guia rápido de regras gerais para a maioria dos tempos verbais existentes em Inglês. Para exceções às regras gerais abaixo, peça ajuda ao seu professor.

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To Be (Present)

Aff: I am/I’m; You are/You’re; He/She/It is (He’s/She’s/It’s); We are/We’re; You are/You’re; They are/They’re 

Neg: I am not; You aren’t/are not; He/She/It isn’t/is not; We aren’t/are not; You aren’t/are not; They aren’t/are not

Int: Am I?; Are you?; Is he/she/it?; Are we?; Are you?; Are they?

Int/Neg: Aren’t you?; Isn’t he/she/it?; Aren’t we?; Aren’t you?; Aren’t they?

*Para a forma interrogativa-negativa do verbo to be na primeira pessoa do singular ( I ), usa-se a forma “Aren’t I?”.

 

Simple Present (I, You, We, They)

 

Aff: verbo normal.

They work.

Neg.: don’t/do not antes do verbo.

They don’t work.

Int: Do antes da pessoa.

Do they work?

Int/Neg: Don’t antes da pessoa.

Don’t they work?

 

Simple Present (He, She, It)

 

Aff: verbo com s.

She works.

Neg.: doesn’t/does not antes do verbo que volta ao normal.

She doesn’t work.

Int: Does antes da pessoa, verbo volta ao normal.

Does she work?

Int/Neg: Doesn’t antes da pessoa, verbo volta ao normal.

Doesn’t she work?

 

Simple Past (regular verbs)

 

Aff: verbo com ed.

She worked.

Neg.: didn’t/did not antes do verbo que volta ao normal.

She didn’t work.

Int: Did antes da pessoa, verbo volta ao normal.

Did she work?

Int/Neg: Didn’t antes da pessoa, verbo volta ao normal.

Didn’t she work?

 

 

Simple Past (irregular verbs)

 

Aff: cada verbo tem seu próprio passado. (ver a lista de irregulares aqui)

She went (verbo original é go).

Neg.: didn’t/did not antes do verbo que volta ao normal.

She didn’t go.

Int: Did antes da pessoa, verbo volta ao normal.

Did she go?

Int/Neg: Didn’t antes da pessoa, verbo volta ao normal.

Didn’t she go?

 

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Future (going to)

 

Aff: Pessoa + am/is/are + going to + verbo principal.

She is going to dance.

Neg.: Pessoa + Am not/isn’t ou is not/aren’t ou are not + going to + verbo principal.

She isn’t going to dance.

Int: Inverte am/is/are com a pessoa.

Is she going to dance?

Int/Neg: Verbo to be na frente, na negativa abreviada (n’t).

Isn’t she going to dance?

 

 

Future (will)

 

Aff: will antes do verbo.

They will/They’ll work.

Neg.: won’t/will not antes do verbo.

They won’t/will not work.

Int: Will antes da pessoa.

Will they work?

Int/Neg: Won’t antes da pessoa.

Won’t they work?

 

 

Condicional (would)

 

Aff: would antes do verbo.

They would/They’d work.

Neg.: wouldn’t/would not antes do verbo.

They wouldn’t/would not work.

Int: Would antes da pessoa.

Would they work?

Int/Neg: Wouldn’t antes da pessoa.

Wouldn’t they work?

 

Modais (Can, Could, Should, May, Might, Ought to…)

 

Aff: modal antes do verbo.

They should work.

Neg.: modal + not ou abreviado (n’t ao final) antes do verbo.

They should not/shouldn’t work.

Int: Inverte modal com pessoa.

Should they work?

Int/Neg: Modal na frente na negativa abreviada (n’t)

Shouldn’t they work?

To Be (Past)

 

Aff: I was; You were; He/She/It was; We were; You were; They were  

Neg: I wasn’t/was not; You weren’t/were not; He/She/It wasn’t/was not; We weren’t/were not; You weren’t/were not; They weren’t/were not

Int: Was I?; Were you?; Was he/she/it?; Were we?; Were you?; Were they?

Int/Neg: Wasn’t I?; Weren’t you?; Wasn’t he/she/it?; Weren’t we?; Weren’t you?; Weren’t they?

 

To Be (Future)

 

Aff: I will be/I’ll be; You will be/You’ll be; He/She/It will be (He’ll be, She’ll be, It’ll be); We will be/We’ll be; You will be/You’ll be; They will be/They’ll be 

Neg: I will not be/won’t be; You will not be/won’t be; He/She/It will not be/won’t be; We will not be/won’t be; You will not be/won’t be; They will not be/won’t be

Int: Will I be?; Will you be?; Will he/she/it be?; Will we be?; Will you be?; Will they be?

Int/Neg: Won’t I be?; Won’t you be?; Won’t he/she/it be?; Won’t we be?; Won’t you be?; Won’t they be?

 

Present/Past/Future Continuous:

Exemplo com o Present Continuous: 

 

Pessoa + is/am/are + verbo de ação com ing:

She is dancing.

 

Neg: She isn’t/is not dancing.

Int: Is she dancing?

Int/Neg: Isn’t she dancing?

Para o Past Continuous ou Future Continuous, basta utilizar as regras do passado e futuro do To Be.

 

 

Haver:

Aff: There + to be.

There is/There’s a boy here.

Neg: Negativa do to be.

There isn’t/is not a boy here.

Int: Inverte to be com there.

Is there a boy here?

Int/Neg: To be na frente na negativa abreviada.

Isn’t there a boy here?

Obs.: Para os outros tempos verbais conjugados com haver, simplesmente conjuga-se o verbo To Be no tempo verbal desejado.

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